JAKARTA – City of Great Factory
Jakarta is the main gateway to Indonesian archipelago. It is a contrast of modern western architecture and traditional Indonesian culture. Its rapid growth into a metropolitan city, however, is a reflection of the economic, political, social and industrial development of the nations. This enormous city has humble roots, starting as a small harbor town called Sunda Kelapa, but its actual founding dates to the June 22, 1527 when it was named Jayakarta by Fatahillah – one of the greatest Moslem neighboring Sultanate of Banten. The name of Jayakarta means “City of Great Victory”, but under the Dutch control the name was changed to Batavia. Shortly after the outbreak of World War II, Batavia fell into the hands of invading Japanese forces that also change the name of the city. This time it was called Jakarta as a gesture aimed at winning the sympathy of the Indonesia achieved national independence after the war’s end. Now, as Jakarta, it is the center of government, business and industry and spreads over an area of more than 410-square miles with a population of over 14 million people. It is also designated as a special territory, which means that it is administered by a governor and enjoys the same status as a province.
Jakarta has expanded its facilities for visitors with multi-star luxury hotels, fine restaurants, exciting nightlife and modern shopping centers as well as tourist attraction like Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (Beautiful Indonesia in Miniature Park), marine resorts in the Bay of Jakarta, an extensive beach recreation complex and restored colonial period buildings.